“Goodness” is something that everyone admires, Whether internal or external. The appearance of a person matters a lot in bringing self-confidence and motivation for further achievements. Skin disorders are always a loophole in personality development and have multiple disastrous effects on a person. Moreover, skin disorders usually spread rapidly and are difficult to be treated. Psoriasis is one such disorder. In this, the skin cells began to multiply at a very abnormal pace, almost ten times more than healthy cells.

Sign and Symptoms

It affects the appearance of the skin, which starts looking patched, covered by red skin plaques. The skin gets dry and cracked, with itching and many bleeding points. There is also soreness of the skin, and nails start getting thicker, pitted and rigged.Common manifestations of psoriasis are constitutional symptoms of Inflammation, including redness, flare and oedema. The most common images of typical psoriasis are white and silver in color, and they are thick and red in appearance. Most often, these scales peel off and bleed. Scales usually develop on the skin of joints, such as knees and elbows. Psoriasis can occur anywhere on the body part including the scalp, face , neck, hands and other body parts

Most often, patients with psoriasis undergo a series of changes as part of the disease. Their condition may get severe, with extreme symptoms for a few days or weeks, then, in another few weeks or if made worse by any common psoriasis trigger, the condition may flare up again and get quite intense. Sometimes, symptoms of psoriasis disappear entirely for a few days. It is essential to know that psoriasis is not contagious.

Psoriatic arthritis 

Psoriatic joint inflammation causes practical impedance, yet additionally expands the mortality rate of patients. Immunological and genetic predisposing factors are the leading causes of psoriatic arthritis. The invention of new remedial specialists fit for capturing the movement of joint harm is normal.

Treatment Options and Predisposing factors

According to research, both the immune system and genetics play a part in the pathogenesis of the disease. It is an autoimmune condition where the body’s white blood cells, especially the T lymphocytes, attack skin cells. Patients experience flaring up of symptoms with a few triggers, such as stress and excessive intake of alcohol.

Unfortunately, psoriasis has no definite cure. It is an ordeal that the patients face. The good news is that symptoms can be decreased to a very minimal amount. There is also the availability of topical treatment, systemic treatment and light therapy.

Treatment 

Topical treatment is the application of creams and ointments directly on the psoriatic areas of skin. It has fewer side effects on the body systems and provides immediate relief to soreness and itching. Patients have advised corticosteroids, vitamin D alternatives, salicylic acids and retinoids according to the requirement of the patient. Systemic treatment is required for intense symptoms that are not subsided by topical medication. Cell cycle inhibitors like methotrexate and other drugs like Cyclosporines are used. Laser or light therapy is also preferred by patients and is a new advancement to the treatment options available. Combination therapy is often helpful in better prognosis of the disease.